What is a Crappie?

Crappie are one of the most exciting freshwater fish to catch and are a very popular game fish in the USA. Crappie are from the genus Pomoxis in the Sunfish family.  Crappie can be found in lakes and rivers throughout the US and in some parts of Canada.  Crappie are schooling fish and mostly found in groups near underwater structure. 

There are two Crappie (aka, speck fish, sac-a-lait fish) species: 



The White Crappie grows just a bit larger than the Black Crappie, from 1½ lbs up to around 5 lbs. White Crappie are mostly found in murkier stained waters. Black Crappie  generally are around 1 lb to a max of 5 lbs. Black Crappie are found in ponds, larger streams, and in more clear water lakes. Fishing techniques for White and Black Crappie do not change according to most seasoned anglers.  But we will cover that further in another article "How to fish for Crappie?

Image result for black and white crappie

Other Common Nicknames for Crappie: 

  •  Speck Fish / Spec Fish
  • Slab / Slabs
  • Panfish
  • Sac-a-lait Fish
  • Crappie Bass
  • Papermouth

Common misspellings of the word Crappie:

  • Croppie / Cropie Fish 
  • Croppy / Cropy Fish
  • Crappue
  • Black crappie record: 5 lb caught April 21, 2005 in a private lake in Missouri on 4/21/2006 weighing 5 lbs. 0 oz.
  • White crappie record: 5 lb caught July 31, 1957 in Mississippi on 7/31/1957 weighing 5 lbs, 3 oz.

If you are wondering what your states record Black or White Crappie visit your state's parks and wild life website.  For example, click on this link to see the state records for Texas.  


When do Crappie spawn? 

Crappie spawning water temp start from upper-50°F to 60°F.  At these temps the sac-a-lait fish begin to move into shallower spawning areas. The peak spawning occurs in a little warmer water temperatures between 68°F to 72°F.  The timing of the spawn really just depends in what part of the United States you live in.   For example in southern state waters, crappie spawning temperatures could start as early as the end of February or early March, while northern  states could be  in late May or June. 

Crappie Social Networking Groups: 

The most active Crappie Social Network groups are on Facebook.  There are two Facebook groups that you should join to get sac-a-lait fish pictures, tips for catching Crappie and much more: 

Check out our other Articles!

Crappie Fishing is one of America's great outdoor activities and we hope you will get out there a "Jiging for Crappie!"


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We hope you will share this article on your social networks like Facebook, Pinterest, etc. with your friends, and fellow crappie anglers.

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